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What is Pericoronitis? Signs and Treatments You Should Know!


Dentist Vernon Hills

Wisdom teeth are aptly named as they are the last teeth to erupt in life, usually coming in during your late teens or early twenties when a few more of life’s lessons have been learned. While wisdom may come with age and time, sometimes we still find ourselves struggling to make some of life’s decisions both large and small—and the decision to have your wisdom teeth removed is no exception. When it comes to our wisdom teeth, many people question whether or not they truly need to have them removed or if they can risk having them grow in naturally. The wisdom of your dentist reigns supreme when it comes to your third molars, and having them removed is almost always the best course of action in keeping your mouth healthy and happy. Those who allow their wisdom teeth to grow in naturally are at risk for one complication in particular: an infection known as pericoronitis.

Catching the Signs

When a wisdom tooth comes in only part of the way, a flap of gum tissue may remain covering part of the new tooth. This condition is seen more often in lower molars than upper molars. When left untreated, bits of food and bacteria can become lodged under the skin causing irritation and infection. This infection is known as pericoronitis and its symptoms include:

  • An overly unpleasant taste in the mouth, resulting from infected tissue
  • Halitosis (bad breath)
  • Pain in the general area of the infected tooth
  • Swelling in the gums in the back of the mouth, to the point where biting may be difficult due to tissue being pinched between the teeth
  • Difficulty opening your mouth to its fullest extent

If you experience any of these symptoms, consider rinsing your mouth with warm salt water to help soothe the infection, but be sure to visit your dentist as quickly as possible as this infection will not clear on its own.

Treatment Options

One of three things will need to happen in order to get your pericoronitis under control: the flap of skin will need to be removed, the wisdom tooth itself needs to be extracted, or the tooth will have to erupt fully into the mouth. Regardless of treatment, antibiotics may need to be prescribed to help clear the infection and sticking to a strict oral healthcare regimen of twice-daily brushing, flossing, and rinsing will be necessary to prevent the infection from returning. If the problem persists, your dentist may send you to an oral surgeon to discuss further treatment options. Fortunately, if the problematic tooth is removed, it is highly unlikely that the condition will return.

Perocoronitis is just one of many reasons to have your wisdom teeth removed before they start to cause problems. Apart from infection, wisdom teeth can disrupt the alignment of your other teeth and can also become impacted in your jaw, requiring further treatment. If you think your wisdom teeth or your child’s wisdom teeth may be coming in soon, don’t hesitate to visit the dentist for a consultation!

Give us a call at Metro Square Dental Associates in Vernon Hills today!

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If you have a general question, comment, or need to schedule an appointment, feel free to send us a message! For emergencies, or to cancel or reschedule an appointment, please call our office at:
(847) 680-7171